Tuesday, April 9, 2019

Compare and contrast two views of how social order Essay Example for Free

Compare and ancestry two examines of how kind gild EssayWhoever controls the media controls the mind (Jim Morrison 1943-1971).excellent quote i had forgotten that one To crap a view on how social order is produced, in this essay the of import focus lead be on two researchers arguments both on social disorder specifically in regard to the influence of the fate media. Sociologist Stanley Cohen (1973) suggests that the media depiction of antisocial behaviour helps to construct what he labels villainy syndicate devils. Whilst social scientists Stuart third house et al (1978) argued that the intermediation of clandestine behaviour led to the belief that smart set was in a crisis. By using my own examples and illustrations I provide equivalence and contrast these two theories and furthermore for differentiation include a more present-day theory on social disorder by dint of Huesmann et al 2003. Thereby through an examination of mediation (media spin) on rough-and-tum ble behaviour attempt to pay back how one part of social order is produced in public spaces.Good unload introduction Sociologist Stanley Cohens theory on home devils which he first observed during the 1960s media portrayal of Mods and Rockers (Making sociable lives ,p378) gives an interesting oblique view on how social order is maintained, as according to is theory authorized members of the public are classified as outsiders and comprehend like scapegoats. describe the theory a midget bit here The evidence for this can be be as far back as ancient Greece Aristotles unruly youths (Brake, 1980, p.1) Along with fears of skilled pickpockets progressing to become burglars in the sixteenth century (Shore, 2000, p. 21) and as near to our times is the example of Gypsy travellers who are and have been given the dubious pleasure of creation one of the carriers of social evil and disorder of our days. Good use of examples This Sun headline (March 2005) on the sort out is just one of t he many stereotypical images of gypsies, blown out of all proportion by big bucks media mediation and an example of that which is coined by Cohen as generating moral panic that is irrational and creates a situation where slew are both terrified and outraged (Cohen, Making Social lives,p378).This use of inflammatory rhetoric with regards to gypsies is salve being currently employed today as a Sun reporter reports he found a communitybrimming with fear and anger and villagers hell-bent on getting rid of them (Sun whitethorn 2011). These headlines from the mass media (public space) with regard to gypsies whom historically have many times been the focal point of European societys ills and represented as folk devils very total The media campaigns of hostility against these folk devils have not only produced moral panic a pattern of behaviour, group of people or a anatomy becomes defined as a threat to society, its values and its interests (Making Social lives, p371). This on-going mass media campaign against gypsies resulted in veer the nations politics and laws to re-address social order. Such, as under sections 77-80 of the 1994 Act, local authorities may direct persons who are unlawfully residing in vehicles on land in their own area to leave.This an attempt to renew social order with regards to gypsies and thus allaying public fear.very good The media also played a significant role in sociologists Stuart dorm rooms and co-authors (Policing the Crisis (1978) theory. Hall believed that the issue of crime was instrumental in controlling society and that the media constructions contributed to a widespread belief that there was a crisis in society (Making (Social lives, p378). As an illustration of some of the biased constringe coverage of street crime is a picture portrayed by this Sun image (Dec 2010) Hall surmises that this is how the media wishes to portray these issues to the public, as a rise in crime and disorder which can and should be treat by the government with greater policing measures and laws, which Hall terms the beginning of a practice of law and Order edict (Social lives, p378).He goes on to infer that media spin is used to distort and divert public attention from the clear problems of social injustice and inequality and that this aids government on social order policies. Evidence for this Law and Order society can be found with the introduction of the SUS (Stop and Search) proponents that were used at their vizor when 1000 youths were stopped and searched in 5 days in what the police called Operation Swamp(bbc. Home, 25th Nov. 1981).well researched This resulted in the escalation of confrontation between the community and the police due to the locals perceiving an inequality and persecution of young blacks and this sparked off the Brixton race riots (1981). The resolution culminated in the renewal of social order with the abolition of the SUS law (1981). However they returned in some other form due to 9/11 and 7/7 attacks to combat terrorism in 2007. Tocompare and contrast Cohen and Halls views on mass media mediation and how the social order is maintained through public spaces it will be shown by examining that they have differences and similarities.Where both Cohen and Hall agree with regard to their theories on the issue of mediation (public spaces) is that they both believe that the focus of the mass media places spin on how social and criminal deviants (muggers) are portrayed. too they both rely on labels to support their social disorder theories i.e. folk devil and muggers and furthermore characterising them as stereotypes. Moreover they continue to agree that the media exaggerates and amplifies and create scapegoats whose behaviours good example of compare and contrast are demonised with resulting import on social order of creating moral panic on the one hand and a smack of crisis in society on the other. Where they greatly disagree is on the root causes of moral panics and soc ial crisis in that Cohen with very little supporting evidence, believed cultural anxiety was to blame (Making Social Lives, Table 1, p383,).Whilst Hall vox populi that the blame led elsewhere with his inference to social inequality and racism and that the media served the state in mirthful attention away from these genuine social problems (ibid).good In contrast to both Cohen and Halls views on the mediation of social disorder and the foundation of their theories on moral panic and society in crisis there is a view that has an alternative reason as to why and how the media can play a significant role in shaping social order in public spaces. This alternative view comes from the analysis of a longitudinal study (Making Social Lives, p381) by Huesmann et al on media effects, and in particularly how Huesmann and his team found a correlation between 557 children and the watching of violence on TV and a subsequent increase in propensity for scrappy behaviour in 398 of these same studie d people.Therefore Huesmann et al. (2003) reached the conclusion on raucous behaviour that there is a direct effect of media portrayal of violence. From this you can argue that in Huesmanns view, media and mediation through public space in this case TV. can have a major(ip) negative role in the shaping of social order in society, by desensitising and normalising disorderly behaviour. Although there is no real causation evidence for these claims in Huesmanns study and that the conclusion pinched on the media impact of television violence a chimera of other social factors very good expand on this a little. Thereby throughthe examination of Cohen/Halls theories on mediation (media spin) on disorderly behaviour the following can be gleaned with regard to how one part of social order is produced in public spaces. Established norms of behaviour are created and exist in society supported by mass media and this sometimes leads to an increase in social pressure which is built up with a res ulting increase in policing and law legislation (SUS laws).These societal norms are reinforced by media scapegoating of social and criminal deviants, Cohens folk devils and Halls muggers. Although there are others (Huesmann et al) who believe that the shaping of social order in society is more forthwith influenced by TV violence alone. The methodology utilised in this essay was to shed light on the making of social order in public spaces through looking at two main theories on disorderly behaviour. And it has highlighted in my view that quite possibly genuine social problems and solutions are obscured by mediation resulting in legislation that deals with only the symptoms not the causes The medias the most powerful entity on earth. They have the power to make the innocent guilty and to make the guilty innocent, and thats power, because they control the minds of the masses (Malcolm X (1925-1965).BibliographyCohen, S. (1973) Folk Devils and example Panics, London, Paladin. Hall, S., Critcher, C., Jefferson, T., Clarke, J. and Roberts, B. (1978) Policing the Crisis Mugging, the State, and Law and Order, London and Basingstoke, Macmillan. Huesmann, R., Moise-Titus, J., Pdolski, C-L. And Eron, L. (2003) Longitudinal relations between childrens exposure to TV violence and their aggressive and violent behaviour in young adulthood 19771992, Developmental Psychology, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 20123. Google Image, News.bbc.co.uk, accessed 24th /26th may 2011Google Image, Enemiesofreason.co.uk accessed 25th May 2011Jim Morrison (1943 July 3, 1971) brainyquote.com accessed 20th may 2011 Malcolm X (1925-1965) thinkexist.com accessed 20th may 2011Shore, H. (2000) The idea of juvenile crime in 19th-century England, History Today, vol. 50, no.6,pp. 217

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