Saturday, March 2, 2019
Real Presence: Eucharist
The ceremonyic armorial bearing as well known as the manduction and the Last Supper is a significant part of the Christian religion . The Protestants conceive that the communion is merely for the remembrance and the thanksgiving of the Nazarenes feed for the people. How forever the Roman Catholics and the Orthodox call back that the ritual is a animal(prenominal) union, becoming nonpareil with Jesus by partaking in the releaseing of the attain and bread. Jesus rundle My cast is true food, my line is true drink,(John 655) when the disciples were gathered for the Last Supper before Jesus died on the cross.The intention of Jesuss saying was not of a metaphor but to be judge literally which is done so by the Catholic church building building. The observance is a sacrament of the last supper. It involves sacred elements that go by means of transubstantiation, a transfigure in the agency, essence. This theological innovation can be referred to as a solid front man, in which the bread and drink changes its substance into soundbox and daub along with the soul and divinity of Jesus. The construct of accredited Presence was opposed during the reformation period of 1500 when there was a division in spite of appearance the church.Before the concept of transubstantiation was officially codified, the term was already assumed and accepted in the literal sense. The oppositions and the divisions in the church lead the church into forming an nonsectarian council in Trent and the Vatican Council of 1962 where Episcopal powers aimed to defend and reinforce the belief in true Presence. The ceremony as the Real Presence of Christ can be seen through the sacramentic article of belief provided by the the Council of Trent, Vatican II.Certain excerpts from scripture can be apply to display the consistency of belief in the Eucharist as the literal filiation and organic structure of Jesus Christ. John Macquarrie in Paths in Spirituality consist of con cepts of temporal, spatial, and personal social movement can be used to support the dogma of Eucharist as Real Presence. The Eucharist involves a theological concept of transubstantiation which was a term created to explain the closed book of the liturgy practice. It is a compound word consisting of dickens words that incriminate change and substance. whencece the meaning of the word is a change of substance.The substance refers to the uniqueness and the very nature of anything that exists. The accident refers to the eternal qualities that are eccentric to the senses. The substance of the bread and wine-coloured which is refered to as the breadness and the wineness transforms into the substance of the body and blood of Christ. However the appearance and the physical state of the bread and wine, which can be tasted, touched, smelled, all do not change. There are numerous books by significant church figures to support the literal interpretation of the Eucharist as the Real Pr esence of Christ.This can be seen in the whole shebang of Ignatius of Antioch, he writes Strive then to make use of one form of thanksgiving, for the anatomy of Our Lord Jesus Christ is one and one is the chalice in the union of His Blood, one alter, one bishop. Saint Augustine wrote It was in His flesh that Christ walked among us and it is his flesh that he has given us to eat for our salvation The early fathers of the church attested the belief in transubstantiation. The concept of transubstantiation was officially codified at the Council of Trent.Even before the council of Trent, the Eastern church used a similar concept in Greek called metaousious change of substance. Variations in the interpretations regarding the liturgy of Eucharist started to form. The Protestant reformation gave a leap out to Constantiation which was formed by Martin Luther. The protest with the universal faith of Christians in the Real Presence began during the Protestant Reformation when Zwingli and Calvin refuted the concept of the historical physical comportment of Jesus in the Eucharist using their subjective interpretation of the text. Zwingli believed the Eucharist was just a symbolic stupefy.Calvin refuted that it was more than a symbol, but less(prenominal) than Jesus physical heading. He prefered a spiritual presence and neer explained how this differed from the omnipresence of deity. On the contrary, Luther protects the concept the Real Presence. Luther wrote Who, but the devil, hath granted such a license of wrestling the words of the holy Scripture? Who ever read in the Scriptures, that my body is the same as the sign of my body? Or, that is the same as it signifies? What language in the world ever spoke so? It is only then the devil, that imposeth upon us by these fanatical men. . . not one of the Fathers, though so numerous, ever spoke as the Sacramentarians not one of them ever said, It is only bread and wine or, the body and blood of Christ is not there pre sent. Luther believed in Constantiation which was when the substance of the bread and wine remain the same, coexisting with the substance of Jesuss blood and body. Eucharist as Real Presence can supported through scriptural scriptures. The communion is for the receiving of Jesus into our bodies by eating his body and drinking his blood. In John 656 He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood abides in me, and I in him. The word abide is significant in understanding transubstantiation. Jesus in any case uses the word abide in chapter xv when he mentions the vine and the vinedresser. The word abide in greek can also be translated as living. So Christ is living in those that render ate his flesh and drank of his blood. John Macquarrie in Paths in Spirituality supports the Eucharistic as Real Presence through three concepts of present reality. Presence has several different significations that are thorough in understanding the concept of transubstantiation. The first one is temporal p resence. In the Eucharist there is a presence in time.But the conflict in this understanding is that The Last Supper happened two thousand years ago. So how would the church bridge the time in between? Macquarrie writes, The Council of Trent, incidentally, used the word repraesentatio in connection with the Eucharist in the sense that it makes present again Christs saving work. We die unexpressed between the Christ of history, of the historical incarnation, and the Christ of the future, the Christ who will make out again with glory. But between times Christ is not absent. Therefore in the Eucharist, Christ is fully, and physically present.Many protestants such as Bultmann, does not believe in the real, physical presence of Christ, rather a genuine presence in which Christ can only be revealed through the tidings of God. But that is limiting the very possibility in Christ world present in many other ways. Where is Jesus present? God and Jesus is both omnipresent. But if God is present everywhere then what is the significance of Jesus being present in the bread and wine? Macquarrie inquires But how can this be reconciled with the idea of a picky presence? A universal presence of God is very hard to detect and recognize because he is simply everywhere.But if his presence is densed, localized and expand into one area there will be moments of intensity and concourse or encountering of God. Even in the Old Testament, Gods presence was localized in the Ark of the Covenant, where His presence was experienced with intensity. The church can be an another example of sacred space. Macquarrie claims, If there was no particular places where one might find Christ present, I do not telephone he would be present anywhere. Summation of the presences leads to the personal presence. It is a three-dimensional presence where it is not limited to time and space.Christ can be revealed in the actions of his people. He is revealed in the community of the faithful, the body of Christ, sometimes called the extension of the incarnation. Protestants engender the Eucharist as spiritual presence. however the spiritual presence is middle-level to the personal presence. Personal presence has no limitations and boundaries in the human experience which includes spatial, temporal and even spiritual. Because the accidents of the elements do not change, there is no experimental verification, leaving the presence visible only to those that have eyes of faith.Many Christians forbear from the practice of Eucharist because they refuse to believe that the Eucharist is the real flesh of Jesus Christ. Even great Christian thinkers like Calvin believed in a limited presence of Christ in the communion. In disputing over the real presence in Eucharist through biblical justifications, divisions in the church started to form. Interpretation of certain verses has been a source of division between Christians, and not only in creating separation between Catholics and Prote stants.Luther and Calvin also stood in fundamental disagreement over the doctrine of the real presence in the elements, and these verses play no small part in that dispute. However this was good for the church because they were able to filter out the different interpretations of the Eucharist. The Eucharist as the Real Presence of Christ can be seen through the Eucharistic dogma provided by the the Council of Trent, Vatican II. John Macquarrie in Paths in Spirituality can also assist further supporting the idea of real presence through the concepts of temporal, spatial, and personal presence.CITATIONS Pope Paul VI, Encyclical Mysterium Fidei. 1965, St. Paul Books and Media, Boston, MA. p. 354. St. Ignatius Letter to the Romans, J. B. Lightfoot, The overblown Fathers, p. 405. Luthers Collected Works, Wittenburg Edition, Vol. VII, p. 391. Foster, Paul. 2006. Jesus, The Real Presence of God (John 635, 41-51). informative Times 117, no. 10 416-417. Macquarrie, John. Paths in Sp irituality. in the raw York harper & Row, 1972. p. 83-93 1 . Pope Paul VI, Encyclical Mysterium Fidei. 1965, St.Paul Books and Media, Boston, MA. p. 354. 2 . Luthers Collected Works, Wittenburg Edition, Vol. VII, p. 391. 3 . Macquarrie, John. Paths in Spirituality. New York Harper & Row, 1972. p 84 4 . Macquarrie, John. Paths in Spirituality. New York Harper & Row, 1972. p 83 5 . Macquarrie, John. Paths in Spirituality. New York Harper & Row, 1972. p 84 6 . Macquarrie, John. Paths in Spirituality. New York Harper & Row, 1972. p 84 7 . Foster, Paul. 2006. Jesus, The Real Presence of God (John 635, 41-51). Expository Times 117, no. 10 416-417.