Thursday, February 21, 2019
Caesar Augustus Essay
AP World HistoryMilo Romney Caesar Augustus10/27/12 What happens when a man tries to take over a majority run? Well most of the meter that man gets stabbed several times by his friends and colleagues. This is at least what happened to the famous Julius Caesar. Later on his adopted password Octavian would try the same thing however, he used truly divergent tactics that led to a more than happier ending, transforming Rome into a real strong and influential empire. It was the mid-1st century B. C. E. , Rome was ever-growing and the republic that once ran very smoothly was encountering many problems within itself.Wealthy let down owners or patricians were gaining too much power and land and since Roman law read that but land owners could do in the military much of the military power was reduced. whatever people tried to change this, for example Tiberius, but his ideas were seen as contentious and he was assassinated in 133 B. C. E. One man named General Marius instituted a l aw stating that men didnt have got to own land to serve in the military. S overageiers still wanted land in return for their supporter though, and the general gave them land but this made soldiers more loyal to armament officials rather than to the senate.After Marius retired Rome experienced a brief time of tranquility only to be broken by the Social contend. The Social War was caused by the revolting of lower class Italians that were not entitled to full-citizenship and vote rights. This caused General Marius to come back. He ended the war and seized power of Rome. Marius died of old age and Rome started to become restless. In all of the turmoil on that point arose a effective politician, Julius Caesar. Caesar created the First Triumvirate (three men) consisting of Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey (also known as Magnus).The Triumvirate really only made these men more powerful though and really didnt help Rome overall. The Triumvirate disappeared when Crassus died and Caesar and Pompey started to fight. Caesar invaded Rome in 49 B. C. E. and became a authoritarian there. Then later Pompey was murdered in Egypt in 48 B. C. E. Julius change magnitude the senate from 600 to 900 members to give himself more supporters. In five years Caesar held many powerful offices and almost succeeded in transforming Rome into an empire but was assassinated on the Ides of March in 44 B. C. E. Many wars took place after the character assassination of Julius Caesar.His adopted son, Octavian, and his friend both formed the Second Triumvirate and defeated Caesars assassins in the Battle of Philippi. Many senators were killed during this time and it was not a good time for the republic. Eventually the Second Triumvirate dissipated and Octavian and Mark Antony turned on genius another. Mark Antony married Cleopatra of Egypt and they committed suicide when Octavian invaded Egypt. Octavian became Augustus (exalted one) and now unofficially rule Rome. Augustus knew that in order t o successfully transform Rome into an empire he had to succeed where his father hadnt.He supported the arts and technology. He rebuilt temples and created road systems. He pleased his people with holidays and special events. Augustus would even give free wampum and wine to all of Romes citizens. The senate just had to sit and conform to as Caesar Augustus became the total dictator of Rome. Literature grew exceedingly during this time. Under Augustus rule Rome entered the Pax Romana, the peaceful and golden age of Rome. So in the end Augustus obviously succeeded in the areas where Julius didnt. Julius didnt utilize his resources as closely and didnt realize that he needed to take away the senates power not enhance it.Augustus extended Rome to a neat power and eventually fully ended the once-renowned republic. In a on the whole unnecessary comparison this story totally reminded me of the movie Star Wars, the glide by of the republic and the birth of an empire. Anyways in conclus ion, Augustus transformed Rome into an empire by gaining the loyalty of the citizens and soldiers while the senate lost its power. This man was so dominant that he even named the month of August after himself Not many could have accomplished what Caesar Augustus did and many still marvel at his feats to this day.